Pippalimoola Powder for Headache

Pippalimoola Powder for Headache


Pippalimoola Powder for Headache

          Headache is defined as a pain in the head or upper neck. Headache can be a symptom of an underlying serious disease or it can be a disease itself. Headaches can be due to many causes. Common benign causes of headaches include migraine, refractory errors, mental tension, sinusitis, flu, viral fever, typhoid, etc. Some of the serious and life-threatening causes of headaches include cerebral haemorrhage, subarachnoid haemorrhage, intracranial space-occupying lesions (tumours), acute and chronic meningitis, brain abscess, etc. Trigeminal neuralgia can be a difficult and intractable cause of headache though not life-threatening. Sudden and severe headache associated with symptoms like high fever, vomiting, convulsion, visual symptoms, stiffness in the neck and loss of consciousness warrants urgent medical attention.

          Mild to moderate headaches without any specificity can be managed with simple remedies such as Pippalimoola, which is specifically documented for the management of headaches in Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia, Ayurvedic formulary and in various classical texts.

Pippalimoola (Root of Piper longum Linn.)

          Pippalimool means roots of Pippali (long pepper) plant. The roots are perennial, woody, and aromatic and are used in powder form with warm water, milk or preferably with ghrita (clarified butter). Many references regarding the therapeutic use of Pippalimoola are available in ancient classical Ayurvedic texts for its carminative, antispasmodic and sedative actions. Use of ghrita with Pippalimool is emphasized because of its ability to negate hot and dry properties of Pippalimool and facilitate drug action for alleviation of vitiated Vata dosha, which is considered as the underlying bio-humour responsible for the causation of headache. Ghrita is also known to be beneficial for mental faculties and recommended for use alone or with medicinal formulations for psychological problems including stress-induced headache, disturbed sleep and impaired mental concentration.

Composition: Pippalimoola powder consists of roots of Pippali


English name

Long Pepper

Latin name

Piper longum Linn.



Part used



Main chemical constituents1: Alkaloids (Piperine, Piperlongumine, Piperlonguminine, etc.), essential oils.

Quality standards1:


Foreign matter

Not more than 2%

Total ash

Not more than 5.5%

Acid-insoluble ash

Not more than 0.2%

Alcohol-soluble extractive

Not less than 4.0%

Water-soluble extractive

Not less than 12%


Method of preparation:

  1. Take 40 grams of dried roots of Pippali. Dry it further for removing moisture for easy powdering. Roots should not have been collected more than one year ago.
  2. Grind the roots in a grinder or pulverizer till fine powder is obtained.
  3. Filter the powder through mesh size 85.
  4. Keep the powder in a dry and air-tight plastic or glass container.

Dosage form: Reddish-brown to creamy-grey bitter powder.

Therapeutic properties2:

          The roots of Pippali have thermogenic, tonic, diuretic, purgative expectorant, anthelmintic, stomachic, digestive, emmenagogue, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, central nervous system stimulant, antispasmodic, and analeptic properties.

Indication and uses: Headache, insomnia, cough, cold, and chronic bronchitis.

Dose and mode of administration:

          Dose of the powder for adults is 2 to 3 grams and for children it is 250 mg to 500 mg, to be taken twice daily, preferably on an empty stomach mixed with 3 to 5 gm of ghee or butter or honey and followed by warm water or milk.

Precautions and safety aspects:

  1. No toxic effect or adverse reaction is reported with recommended dose of Pippali root powder.
  2. Pippali root should be used with caution in the first trimester of pregnancy. However, it is safe for the baby if a nursing mother is taking this medication.
  3. Pippalimool is hot in nature, so should be used with caution in summer and by hot temperament individuals and menstruating women.
  4. During medication with Pippalimool, diet should be simple, easily digestible and free from spicy and pungent-bitter-astringent food items.


  1. India, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. The Ayurvedic pharmacopeia of India. Part I. Vol. II. New Delhi: Department of Indian Systems of Medicine & Homeopathy. 2001. p. 134.
  2. Sharma PC, Yelena MB, Dennis TJ. Database on medicinal plants used in Ayurveda. Vol. 3. New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Ayurveda & Siddha, 2001. p. 473.

Comment As:

Comment (0)